Definition and characteristics of juvenile delinquency

Peterson The word sociopath is a familiar one, yet it can be difficult to define sociopath. While indeed accurate, that definition falls a bit short. Scientists and lay people alike use different words for this disorder.

Definition and characteristics of juvenile delinquency

Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, is often separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.

Delinquent activity, particularly the involvement in youth gangs, may also be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats.

Definition and characteristics of juvenile delinquency

Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors. This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low attachment to school, and low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves. These factors may lead to the child having low IQ and may increase the rate of illiteracy.

Children who are often in conflict with their parents may be less willing to discuss their activities with them.

Although children are rejected by peers for many reasons, it is often the case that they are rejected due to violent or aggressive behavior.

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This rejections affects the child's ability to be socialized properly, which can reduce their aggressive tendencies, and often leads them to gravitate towards anti-social peer groups. This often leads to an impulsive and aggressive reaction. Children resulting from unintended pregnancies are more likely to exhibit delinquent behavior.

For classicists, offenders are motivated by rational self-interestand the importance of free will and personal responsibility is emphasized.

Delinquency is one of the major factors motivated by rational choice. Social disorganization[ edit ] Current positivist approaches generally focus on the culture. A type of criminological theory attributing variation in crime and delinquency over time and among territories to the absence or breakdown of communal institutions e.

Strain[ edit ] Strain theory is associated mainly with the work of Robert Merton. He felt that there are institutionalized paths to success in society.

Strain theory holds that crime is caused by the difficulty those in poverty have in achieving socially valued goals by legitimate means. Merton believed that drug users are in this category. A difficulty with strain theory is that it does not explore why children of low-income families would have poor educational attainment in the first place.

Social constraints

More importantly is the fact that much youth crime does not have an economic motivation. Strain theory fails to explain violent crimethe type of youth crime that causes most anxiety to the public. Differential association[ edit ] The theory of Differential association also deals with young people in a group context, and looks at how peer pressure and the existence of gangs could lead them into crime.

It suggests young people are motivated to commit crimes by delinquent peers, and learn criminal skills from them. The diminished influence of peers after men marry has also been cited as a factor in desisting from offending.

There is strong evidence that young people with criminal friends are more likely to commit crimes themselves. However it may be the case that offenders prefer to associate with one another, rather than delinquent peers causing someone to start offending.

Physical and psychological transition Peterson The word sociopath is a familiar one, yet it can be difficult to define sociopath. While indeed accurate, that definition falls a bit short.
Juvenile Law & Procedure The latter conceptualization is typically used as the modern clinical concept and assessed by the Psychopathy Checklist. Efforts have therefore been made to clarify the meaning of the term.
Juvenile Records Introduction This is an overview of West Virginia juvenile law and court procedures.
Juvenile Records Introduction This is an overview of West Virginia juvenile law and court procedures.
To assure that the adjudication and disposition of a child alleged or found to have committed a violation of Florida law be exercised with appropriate discretion and in keeping with the seriousness of the offense and the need for treatment services, and that all findings made under this chapter be based upon facts presented at a hearing that meets the constitutional standards of fundamental fairness and due process.

Furthermore there is the question of how the delinquent peer group became delinquent initially. Labeling[ edit ] Labeling theory is a concept within Criminology that aims to explain deviant behavior from the social context rather than looking at the individual themselves.

It is part of Interactionism criminology that states that once young people have been labeled as criminal they are more likely to offend. The four types of control can help prevent juvenile delinquency are: Control through needs satisfaction, i. Around six to sixteen percent of male teens and two to nine percent of female teens have a conduct disorder.

These can vary from oppositional-defiant disorderwhich is not necessarily aggressive, to antisocial personality disorderoften diagnosed among psychopaths.In this lesson, we will learn what constitutes the crime of indecent exposure.

We will take a look at the laws that govern this crime and examine the legal definition of . Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as minors (juveniles, i.e.

individuals younger than the statutory age of majority). Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers and courts.A juvenile delinquent in the United States is a person who is typically below Criminology.

The scientific study of the causation, correction, and prevention of crime. As a subdivision of the larger field of sociology, criminology draws on psychology, economics, anthropology, psychiatry, biology, statistics, and other disciplines to explain the causes and prevention of criminal behavior.

Definition and characteristics of juvenile delinquency

1 The Study of Juvenile Delinquency 1 Understanding juvenile delinquency Developing and evaluating theories of delinquency Purposes of delinquency research After completing this chapter, students should be able to: Understand the approach and structure of this book.

Describe the key components of theory. Describe the . In this lesson, we will discuss criminogenic needs with regard to criminal offenders and risk factors with respect to criminogenic needs. We'll. Criminology. The scientific study of the causation, correction, and prevention of crime.

As a subdivision of the larger field of sociology, criminology draws on psychology, economics, anthropology, psychiatry, biology, statistics, and other disciplines to explain the causes and prevention of criminal behavior.

Juvenile delinquency - Wikipedia