Male Regardless of daily calorie intake, if a person does not eat foods that are rich in vitamins and nutrients they are susceptible to malnourishment related diseases. These diseases include scurvy which results from low vitamin C levels, rickets from low vitamin D levels, and pellagra from insufficient nicotinic acid. Studies show that malnutrition in children can cause problems with academic performance, attention span, and motivation.
Each of the fasts of the Jewish religious year recognizes an important event in the history of the Jewish people and Judaism. Some physicians recognized a fasting instinct, whereby patients in certain disease states naturally experience a loss of appetite.
Some physicians believed that administering food during such states was unnecessary and possibly even detrimentalsince fasting was thought to be an important natural part of the recovery process.
An understanding of the physiological effects of fasting began to evolve in the latter part of the 19th century, when some of the first organized studies of fasting were carried out in animals and humans.
In the 20th century, as more became known about nutrition and the nutritional requirements of the human bodymethods of fasting became increasingly sophisticated, and a wide array of approaches emerged. For example, fasting was used as a treatment and as a form of disease prevention, and it was carried out in various settings e.
Some fasting methods, particularly those applied in the treatment of chronic diseases, lasted more than a month, allowed for the consumption of only water or calorie -free tea, and included exercise and enemas.
Other methods, generally referred to as modified fasting, allowed for the intake of to kilocalories per day daily calorie needs of adults range from about 1, to 3, Fast food research topics, depending on sex, age, and activity level and sometimes included psychological or spiritual therapy; depending on the particular method used, calories usually were in the form of bread, vegetable broth, fruit juice, honey, or milk.
Modified fasting was distinguished from a very low-calorie diet, which allowed up to kilocalories per day and typically was aimed at inducing substantial weight loss. Intermittent fasting involved cyclic periods of calorie restriction, such as a hour period of fasting followed by a hour period of regular calorie consumption.
By the 21st century, although fasting clearly was applicable in some instances of disease, such as in certain acute diseases particularly when accompanied by a loss of appetitewhether fasting in other instances was beneficial to human health remained unclear.
For example, whereas research in humans had suggested that intermittent fasting carried out over 15 days improved insulin-mediated glucose uptake into tissues, studies in rodents had indicated that such fasting, carried out over the long-term, promoted glucose intolerance and the release of damaging oxidants from tissues.
Fasting and religion In the religions of ancient peoples and civilizations, fasting was a practice to prepare persons, especially priests and priestesses, to approach the deities. In the Hellenistic mystery religions e.
Among the pre-Columbian peoples of Peru, fasting often was one of the requirements for penance after an individual had confessed sins before a priest. In many cultures the practice was considered a means to assuage an angered deity or to aid in resurrecting a deity who was believed to have died e.
In the religions of some tribes of Native Americansfasting was practiced before and during a vision quest. Among the Evenk of Siberia, shamans religious personages thought to have the power to heal and to communicate psychically often received their initial visions not with a quest but rather after an unexplained illness.
After the initial vision, however, they fasted and trained themselves to see further visions and to control spirits. Historically, priestly societies among the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest fasted during retreats before major ceremonies connected with seasonal changes.
Fasting for special purposes or before or during special sacred times remains a characteristic of major religions of the world. In Jainismfor example, fasting according to certain prescribed rules and practicing certain types of meditation leads to trances that enable individuals to dissociate themselves from the world and reach a transcendent state.
Some Buddhist monks of the Theravada school fast as part of their meditation practices. In IndiaHindu sadhus holy men are admired for their frequent personal fasts for various reasons. Among the Western religions, only Zoroastrianism prohibits fasting, because of its belief that such a form of asceticism will not aid in strengthening the faithful in their struggle against evil.
The other Western religions— JudaismChristianityand Islam —emphasize fasting during certain periods. Judaismwhich developed many dietary laws and customs, observes several annual fast days, primarily on days of penitence such as Yom Kippurthe Day of Atonement or mourning.
Christianity, especially Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxyhas observed a day fast period during Lenta spring period of penitence before Easterand during Adventa penitential period before Christmas.
Among Roman Catholics the observance has been modified since the Second Vatican Council —65 to allow greater individual choice, with mandatory fasting only on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday during Lent.
Protestant churches generally leave the decision to fast to individual church members. The month of Ramadan in Islam is a period of penitence and total fasting from dawn to dusk.
Fasting as a form of protest In addition to its role in religionfasting may be used to express social and political views, particularly as a gesture of protest or solidarity.
The classic example of this approach was set by Mahatma Gandhiwho in the early 20th century conducted a fast in prison to atone for the violent excesses of those of his followers who did not practice his teaching of satyagraha nonviolence against British rule in India. Gandhi later often fasted in pursuit of similar objectives, including the removal of disabilities imposed by the government on the untouchables.
Fasting has frequently been practiced to protest against war and what are considered social evils and injustices, as in the fasts of the American black comedian Dick Gregory from the s in protest against the violation of civil rights of American Indians and against U. In10 Irish nationalists died in a Belfast prison during a hunger strike conducted to urge recognition of themselves and their associates as political prisoners.
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Proposal for Research on Fast Foods Essay Words Jun 10th, 4 Pages Proposal: Change in the fast food industry (we can take a specific restaurant like McDonald’s) to fight obesity. These argumentative essay topics on Fast Food Nation are meant to help you come up with one of your own.
Use them to your advantage to get a high academic grade. Topics: Fast food restaurant, Research Paper Topic: Fast Food 1. Why is fast food bad for you? 2. What are the effects of eating fast food?
3. What are some successful fast food industries and there business strategies?
Introduction It seems harmless, satisfies your hunger, and is cheap, but really is egregiously unhealthy. The fast food. Fast food industry - Statistics & Facts The fast food industry in the United States is worth approximately billion U.S.
ashio-midori.com , this figure is forecasted to exceed billion. The Science Behind Fast Food FACTS. Fast Food FACTS was developed by the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity, in consultation with a steering committee of experts in nutrition, marketing, and public health.
The research results are based on the best available data on nutrition and food marketing, specifically the Nutrient Profiling Model .