Id, ego, and superego[ edit ] Sigmund Freud The concept of id impulses comes from Sigmund Freud 's structural model. According to this theory, id impulses are based on the pleasure principle:
How is it not, even, mystification? It is this structure. Topology is about a delimitation of space. This could be signifying space, physical space, relational space — its topological properties persist regardless of the nature of the components of that space, or the deformations that space undergoes, as we saw in part one.
The German term for separation is trennung, and topologists talk about Trennungsaxiom, or separation axiomto describe the ways that topological space can be delimited, with varying degrees of strength.
We will come back to this idea later on.
For now, we can say that the delimitation of space, and the strength with which its separation is inscribed, is a crucial problem in understanding all kinds of phenomena of interest to psychoanalysis. Phobia — very often involves a delimitation of space.
Most of Anna Freud's work is contained within The Writings of Anna Freud, a seven-volume collection of her books and papers, including The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense and her work on the analysis of children and adolescents. She is a very good writer, doesn't get too technical in most of her works, and uses many interesting case studies. The Spiritual Competency Resource Center provides access to online resources that enhance the cultural sensitivity of mental health professionals. Spirituality is now accepted as an important component of cultural competence for mental health professionals. These resources include online courses, audio-visual resources, articles, and live workshops. Dec 22, · Patricia Brennan from Yale University is trying to encourage male Muscovy ducks to launch their ballistic penises into test tubes. Normally, the duck keeps its penis inside-out within a sac in its.
We can think of the way that an agoraphobia, or a relatively common phobia about crossing bridges, marks out the thresholds of a space. Obsession — the problem of passing from one space to another haunts obsessional rituals and acts with an uncanny recurrence.
They are very often concentrated at the point where one space transitions to another. Opening and closing doors, turning on and off lights, or catching trains or planes from points A to B are common focal points for obsession.
Similarly, we can think of the artificial delimitation of space in cases where someone feels unable to step on the cracks between paving stones, for example. So why this recurrence? Pornography — why do so many porn movies involve opening the door to someone? We find this in both typically male and female scenarios, both romantic novels and hardcore porn.
We may not view it as pathological like obsession or phobia, but it is interesting that in pornographic scenarios some kind of scene is staged involving a crossing of a threshold.
We are not yet making any claims about topology, but simply stating some problems it might help us to explain, problems which are about this same trennung or separation. And what kind of space are we really talking about here? This is why therapeutic approaches like CBT, which target only the site of the complaint, eventually lead to symptom substitution.
We are instead talking about a space that can be conceived regardless of the elements that compose it.
This is the justification for looking to topological space to address phenomena as disparate as the three above, but which are all of psychoanalytic interest. His compulsive journey shows him seeking to solve or to overcome a psycho-spatial problem….
This prehistory reappears via the symptoms that represent that pre-history in an unrecognizable form, that weave it into myth, represented by the subject without awareness. Since it is transposed like a language or a writing, maybe transposed into another language, with other signs; it is rewritten without the modification of the liaisons; like a figure in geometry is transformed from a sphere to a plane.
Note this last point. Instead of describing bridges we are describing inter-human relations of love, hate, and debt.
The relations may be deformed by chronological time or physical space, and one person may be replaced by another, but the liaisons themselves — the relationships — remain the same. Lacan has an intuition that there is a network of relations which have very peculiar characteristics.
What we see in the maps above that the Rat Man drew for Freud is like a nucleus of the neurosis. What we see in the map looks more like a condensation: Over the next 20 years this intuition led Lacan to explore topological models that exhibited these same properties — the torus, the Mobius band, and the Klein bottle were all, as we saw in the first article, examples of these.
But pursuing these ideas right up to his death in Lacan became obsessed with one particular topological model: It was deemed to be the new frontier, the cutting edge, of Lacanian clinical treatment. Here is one such example.
The analysand tells her three things: Firstly, that she needs to end the analysis because the man who is paying for it is living with another woman, making her effectively his mistress. Second, she has a nightmare where she is walking down a long corridor which opens out into a desert.
She is stiflingly hot, and wakes up with a strong urge to vomit.The Spiritual Competency Resource Center provides access to online resources that enhance the cultural sensitivity of mental health professionals.
Spirituality is now accepted as an important component of cultural competence for mental health professionals. These resources include online courses, audio-visual resources, articles, and live workshops.
Sigmund Freud (, ) noted a number of ego defenses which he refers to throughout his written works. His daughter Anna () developed these ideas and elaborated on them, adding ten of her own. Many psychoanalysts have also added further types of ego defenses. Sigmund Freud (, ) noted a number of ego defenses which he refers to throughout his written works.
His daughter Anna () developed these ideas and elaborated on them, adding ten of her own. Many psychoanalysts have also added further types of ego defenses.
Dec 22, · Patricia Brennan from Yale University is trying to encourage male Muscovy ducks to launch their ballistic penises into test tubes.
Normally, the duck keeps its penis inside-out within a sac in its. Anna Freud, daughter of Sigmund Freud, was instrumental in carrying on the work and studies of her famous father. Born in Vienna, Austria, she later immigrated to England and became a Reviews: 1. Excerpts from The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense by Anna Freud Compiled by Phillip W.
Weiss, LCSW CHAPTER 1 – THE EGO AS THE SEAT OF OBSERVATION All the defensive measures of the ego against the id are carried out.