It can be declared as an emergency in Africa because it has reached unprecedented proportions.
I have never know anyone close to me that has been infected with either of the two viruses. So when the option to research something to do with sexuality arouse I felt this would definitely further my education about a lethal killer that is roaming this earth.
It is said that the virus stayed mainly in this closed society until many years later. Many say the disease spread when international travel began to increase.
It was a common disease between gay males and intravenous drug abusers. Now it is well known that the viruses have been transmitted through sexually, occasionally through blood and organ transplants. Socially the production of the viruses has caused a lot of hate, prejudice, racism and above all homophobia.
When an individual contracts HIV they can expect a fever, swollen glands, and sometimes a rash. As the bodies system tends toward these symptoms the HIV virus may still be undetectable.
This first stage is called primary HIV disease then moves onto chronic asymptomatic disease.
With this stage comes a decline in the immune cells and often swollen lymph nodes. As time moves on the depletion of immune cells increases leaving the body open to Hivaids in zimbabwe essay infection. This is where normal sickness, disease, and other things in the environment are now able to attack the bodies system.
This stage is called the chronic symptomatic disease.
Also at this stage there can be infections of the skin and also feelings of fatigue, weight loss, diarrhea, etc. The actual period of the HIV virus really varies from person to person. Normally with in a year or two the serve stages of HIV set in.
This status is established when one or more of diseases have accumulated in the effected victims system.
Many victims often have lesions appear on their skin or they begin to acquire a pneumocystic pneumonia. This can lead to a number of problems in the body: This can often last for months before the victim finally passes away. This occurs because the virus brings along an enzyme with it that causes the change.
Modern medicine uses the drug AZT to put the transformation on hold. When the victim comes under stress or infection the cells break and become Viral proteins and begin making more Viral RNA.
They are then re-coated so they can regain entry into other T cells, mass producing the virus throughout the immune system. The HIV virus is of the retrovirus type, this is a class of viruses that reproduces with the aids of an enzyme that it carries with it.
Unfortunately for modern chemists and biologists the HIV strand is so complex with so many genetic codes it is almost impossible to break down. The thing that makes the HIV virus so lethal is that it attacks directly into the primary defense cells of the immune system leaving it open for attack.
No one knows exactly how HIV destroys CD4 cells, they are white blood cells that play an integral part in the bodies immune system. One possibility is that they directly kill the cell either by causing them to clump together or by disintegrating them.
A more recent theory is that HIV instills a genetic program inside the CD4 cell that causes the premature death of thousands of these cells. All cells in the body have a program to die, this helps keep renewing the body with fresh cells.
This way the virus can move through the body almost undetected killing cells along the way. It has been documented that the HIV virus is transmitted by the direct transfer of bodily fluids.
Those fluids could be either blood or sexually transmitted fluid. Since the virus can stay undetected in a carriers body it is often transmitted to others without knowledge. This does not mean that the virus will not be transmitted at all.
It has also been proven that the virus can be transmitted from a mother to a baby via breast milk. It has also been shown that HIV can be found in urine, tears, saliva, and feces but no evidence of transmission through these fluids.
There is hard evidence stating that HIV has been transmitted by the following; sexual intercourse, either anal or vaginal. Contact with vaginal fluid and semen, transplanted organs or blood from an infected person.HIV/AIDS has a significant impact on the life expectancy of the population and it now constitutes the most common cause of death and illness in the whole continent.
The HIV virus destroys the immune system which makes humans vulnerable to many infections which can lead them to death. This essay will present and discuss the prevalence of HIV among young women in South Africa and the reasons for such a high prevalence in the country. I will also give an overview of the intervention programs that are currently under way with an aim to reduce the vulnerability of young women in South Africa.
Hiv And Aids: A Major Cause Of Death Words | 6 Pages. HIV and AIDS is a major cause of death in the USA. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus.) HIV attacks and kills cells that help the body fight off illness.
HIV/AIDS continues to spread rapidly: among the million cases of people living with the virus at the end of , one in six were new infections acquired during the previous 12 months and.
gender, domestic violence, and the spread of hiv/aids 43 Except for police statistics. Today, it has become normal practice to pick up a daily newspaper e.g.
Zimbabwe has one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in Africa and in the world. This virus has led to a drastic decrease in life expectancy, and thus, has considerably decreased the incentive for high levels of educational attainment.