Which one of the following statements is most accurate regarding psychological theories?
At first there were difficulties in distributing features, because the exchanges associated with both the MPPC and the independents were geared toward cheaply made one-reel shorts.
Because of their more elaborate production values, features had relatively higher negative costs. This was a disadvantage to distributors, who charged a uniform price per foot. These new exchanges demonstrated the economic advantage of multiple-reel films over shorts.
Exhibitors quickly learned that features could command higher admission prices and longer runs; single-title packages were also cheaper and easier to advertise than programs of multiple titles. As for manufacturing, producers found that the higher expenditure for features was readily amortized by high volume sales to distributors, who in turn were eager to share in the higher admission returns from the theatres.
The whole industry soon reorganized itself around the economics of the multiple-reel film, and the effects of this restructuring did much to give motion pictures their characteristic modern form.
Feature films made motion pictures respectable for the middle class by providing a format that was analogous to that of the legitimate theatre and was suitable for the adaptation of middle-class novels and plays.
This new audience had more demanding standards than the older working-class one, and producers readily increased their budgets to provide high technical quality and elaborate productions.
The new viewers also had a more refined sense of comfort, which exhibitors quickly accommodated by replacing their storefronts with large, elegantly appointed new theatres in the major urban centres one of the first was Mitchell L.
By there were more than 21, movie theatres in the United States. Before the new studio-based monopoly could be established, however, the patents-based monopoly of the MPPC had to expire, and this it did about as a result of its own basic assumptions.
As conceived by Edison, the basic operating principle of the Trust was to control the industry through patents pooling and licensing, an idea logical enough in theory but difficult to practice in the context of a dynamically changing marketplace.
Furthermore, the Trust badly underestimated the importance of the feature film, permitting the independents to claim this popular new product as entirely their own. Trust company producers used this kind of publicity afterwhen Carl Laemmle of Independent Motion Pictures IMP promoted Florence Lawrence into national stardom through a series of media stunts in St.
Finally, and most decisively, in August the U. As a result of the nickelodeon boom, some exhibitors—who showed three separate programs over a seven-day period—had begun to require as many as 20 new films per week, and it became necessary to put production on a systematic year-round schedule.
Because most films were still shot outdoors in available light, such schedules could not be maintained in the vicinity of New York City or Chicago, where the industry had originally located itself in order to take advantage of trained theatrical labour pools.
As early asproduction companies, such as Selig Polyscope, began to dispatch production units to warmer climates during winter. It was soon clear that what producers required was a new industrial centre—one with warm weather, a temperate climate, a variety of scenery, and other qualities such as access to acting talent essential to their highly unconventional form of manufacturing.
Various companies experimented with location shooting in Jacksonville, Fla. These included the temperate climate required for year-round production the U.
Weather Bureau estimated that an average of days per year were sunny or clear ; a wide range of topography within a mile km radius of Hollywood, including mountains, valleys, forests, lakes, islands, seacoast, and desert; the status of Los Angeles as a professional theatrical centre; the existence of a low tax base; and the presence of cheap and plentiful labour and land.
This latter factor enabled the newly arrived production companies to buy up tens of thousands of acres of prime real estate on which to locate their studios, standing sets, and backlots.
By approximately 15, workers were employed by the motion-picture industry in Hollywood, and more than 60 percent of American production was centred there.This free Management essay on Internal and external factors that can affect the supply chain management is perfect for Management students to use as an example.
This free Management essay on Internal and external factors that can affect the supply chain management is perfect for Management students to use as an example.
Long-term ties of. The Affects Of Perception On Other People Psychology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: we try to establish whether it was caused by internal or external causes.
When something is internally caused, it is under the personal control of the individual, if it is caused externally, it is the result of the power of the situation faced by. Identify students at risk as early as possible in order to provide long-term academicsupport.c.
Assign activities that have obvious relevance to students' own lives and needs.d. Students with an attitude of learned helplessness attribute failures to internal,controllable factors.b. Students with a mastery orientation expect that they .
Internal Factors Essays (Examples) Identify key external factors that affect the passenger airline industry and explain how that impact occurs Words: Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: Another internal factor that affects the O'Connell High School are the customer demands, in which in the school's case.
The survey proper explores the employees’ perception on the impact of the internal and external factors on the consumer purchasing decisions, specifically the impulse buying. The questions are open, and, therefore, the participants are in a position to give a wide range of responses.
Perceptual Selection is determined by External Factors Internal Factors External Factors affecting perceptual selection: Size: The larger the size, the more likely it is to be perceived. The tallest person in the office will invariably be noticed.