The company officials were the first to own private slaves as it was a custom in the East and this event sparked the slave trade industry. During the early colonial period, slaves and indentured servants enjoyed greater freedoms than the black slaves of the later period of the nineteenth century.
|Autonomy vs Paternalism - New York Essays||Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.|
|Moral Issues of Paternalism and Truth-Telling - New York Essays||How to Write a Summary of an Article?|
|Paternalism: Slavery and White Slave Owners - Research Paper Example : ashio-midori.com||All designed to protect our interests, whether we like it or not. Paternalism is widely regarded as being restrictive to the liberty and autonomy of individuals, and for this reason it is often opposed.|
|Power Control Theory | Free Essays - ashio-midori.com||Discuss the advantages and disadvantages on autonomy and paternalism. Decision-making would be so much easier if we all maintained our autonomy in making the decision, however, because our decisions do not always abide by autonomistic values paternalistic intervention must occur.|
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Paternalistic Decision-Making Essay Sample Paternalistic decision-making Paternalistic family essay the initial leadership and corporate culture, which most businesses firms apply before transforming into styles and values more accommodating to feedback or opinions from subordinates as the business grows and expands.
This also constitutes the primary characteristics of East Asian business firms because business organizations are extensions of familial values. As such, for some business firms and in specific business stages, paternalistic decision-making offers advantages but for other companies and other business stages, paternalism creates disadvantages.
Overall, the dependence of paternalistic decision-making on controlled operations results to ineffectiveness in the context of the constantly changing business environment with factors beyond the control of leaders. Paternalistic decision-making constitutes an area of leadership and corporate culture that depends upon strong leadership and top-down policy-making.
As a form of leadership rooted on paternalism, paternalistic decision-making operates by considering the business organization as akin to a family with the top executive in charge of making decisions and communicating decision and policies down to the members. In playing a fatherly figure, the top executive guides, protects and supports the members of the organization by providing rules and regulations as bases for the accomplishment of tasks.
Peterson, As a type of corporate culture, paternalistic decision-making involves values that integrate the values of authority and strong discipline with that of fatherly benevolence and ethical integrity operating within the context of a personality-based atmosphere Farh and Cheng, As such, paternalistic decision-making combines the three salient elements of authoritarianism, benevolence and ethical leadership.
Benevolence is expressed through the individualistic but holistic consideration of the well-being of the members of the organization. Ethical leadership is determined by the superior virtues of the leader including the practice of discipline and fatherly concern.
Although, paternalism applies authoritarianism, this is balanced by the concern of the paternal leader towards the viability of the firm and welfare of employees. Paternalistic decision-making gives rise to various advantages and disadvantages. Advantages rest upon the balance of various elements in leadership and corporate values while disadvantages arise from the fact that paternalistic leaders cannot control all aspects of the organization and the workings of its members.
One advantage is direction in the functions and operations of the business organization. Through top-to-bottom guidelines and policies coming from the top executive, the vision and goals of the company are clarified and made-known to the managers and employees to guide front line activities.
In the case of production, resource allocation and utilization are guided by policies and in the case of service delivery, strategies for the provision of quality services are determined by the top executive.
Another advantage is the achievement of a cohesive organization because of the team-based perspective that develops with paternalistic leadership. When the leader effectively communicates the goals of the organization and these are recognized and accepted by the members of the organization, then the aggregate actions of the members would likely lead to the actualization of these goals.
Still another advantage is the clear accountability of the leader for the performance of the business organization. By assuming decision and policy-making, the leader necessarily carries accountability for the successes and failures of the business firm so that a change in leadership becomes the sound solution in case of failures.
A disadvantage of paternalistic decision-making is the dependence on the top executive Aronoff and Ward, in drawing policies and strategies. A system that relies on the strength of the leadership and values of the leader implies that the leader should always embody all the excellent qualities necessary in directing the business organization towards the achievement of goals.
However, leaders do not always embody all the qualities of a leader. In a changing business environment and the emergence of new issues, perspective, traits and values of the leader are not always effective in addressing all emerging challenges.
This means that leadership failures would eventually occur resulting to the need to change leadership constantly. This in turn creates instability because of the lack of continuity in policies and strategies. In the case of considering the welfare of employees, a paternalistic leader may not fully comprehend the perspectives of employees without receiving bottom-up feedbacks resulting to ineffective decisions that would lead to failures in employee retention or revenue generation.
Another disadvantage is the limitation of the values of creativity and innovation within the ranks of the employees Aronoff and Ward, There are existing guidelines and rules on what needs to be done and how to do these, employees are only expected to follow policies in order to actualize goals.
However, front line employees dealing with business unit-level problems need to become flexible to emergent or new problems not covered by existing policies. As such, by stagnating creativity and innovativeness, employees of paternalistic business firms have trouble in addressing and adjusting to a changing business environment.
Paternalistic decision-making carries short-term effectiveness and long-term ineffectiveness in western business settings while it appears to constitute the determining force of successful business firms in China and Japan.
In the case of non-oriental business firms, new business firms often apply paternalistic decision-making because of the smaller scale and volume of production together with the need to control operations and revenue generation to achieve significant returns on investment.
As business firms grow and expand into bigger markets and more market segments, more problems and challenges are encountered, resulting to the need to assess policies and strategies, draw feedback from below, and adjust to these changes in order to ensure business viability.
Eventually, business firms shift to other modes of decision-making or mix paternalistic decision-making with other forms of leadership and corporate culture forms depending upon their needs.- Paternalism in Bram Stoker's Dracula Paternalism is the domination of a society by a male or parental figure that leads or governs much like the way a father would direct his family.
In Victorian society, the idea of paternalism was prevalent. The impact of Paternalistic Leadership on Organization Commitment and Organization paternalistic and subordinate-supervisor relationship.
Paternalistic leadership is to examine the chances of bottom to top communication in Chinese family business characterizing paternalistic leadership. Paternalism To Tell Or Not To Tell Nursing Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, default, paternalistic, and mutuality relationships.
The family may be the ones taking care of him and they will need sound education on how to care for the patient. This essay will discuss the importance of effective parent/teacher partnerships in early childhood education, and focus on one particular challenge that a family may face and identify the effects that this challenge may have on children and their families.
The family will need explanations on the patient’s status and what the future will look like for him.
The family may be the ones taking care of him and they will need . Focus: Discuss the advantages and disadvantages on autonomy and paternalism.
Decision-making would be so much easier if we all maintained our autonomy in making the decision, however, because our decisions do not always abide by autonomistic values paternalistic intervention must occur.
The purpose of autonomy is to allow us to choose to do things that [ ].